I went looking in LendingPatterns™ to see how many women-owned banks and thrifts there were in 2014 and came up with—none. But there are more than 6,000 lenders that made loans to women in that year.
Women (either alone, as primary applicant, or two women together) applied for more than half a trillion dollars’ worth of mortgage finance in 2014 through almost three million apps. They were granted $286 billion through 1.6 million loans for an approval rate of 57 percent of dollars (54 percent of applications). The percentage of women borrower mortgages made when compared to the nationwide total of $1.386 trillion comes to just under 21 percent.
In all, 6607 lenders originated home loans to women in those three categories. They ranged from the largest in the country to one of the smaller ones, Destinations Credit Union, Baltimore, which extended just $1,000 (a mortgage that small that must be a home equity loan or line of credit.)
Wells Fargo, the overall leader in mortgage lending for 2014, was also the largest lender to the three categories of women, at a combined total of more than $20 billion. Quicken Loans of Detroit was second, at $12.3 billion, while Bank of America, Charlotte, NC took the bronze at $10.3 billion. Forty-four lenders made more than $1 billion in originations each to women.
Looking at origination dollars granted, white women received 70 percent of the total, $202 billion. Minority women got 25 percent of the total, with Asians edging out Hispanics at 8.5 percent to get the most minority loan dollars.
Of the three categories of women, loans to single women were the largest, at $184 billion. Female primary borrowers were second at $92 billion, while same-gender households were a distant third at $10 billion.
Loan dollar type favored conventional at 78 percent. Of the government mortgage programs, the Federal Housing Administration came in first, at 15.3 percent.
Half the money went to upper income borrowers, probably indicating higher-priced homes, with middle income borrowers receiving nearly a fourth and the combined categories of low and moderate income borrowers getting 22.2 percent.
Sixty percent of the financing went toward purchase homes, with 38 percent going towards refinancings. The balance was for home improvement.
Ninety-two percent of the money went toward owner-occupied houses. Non-owner-occupied, which usually indicates investors, made up eight percent.
Most of these mortgages were sold into the secondary mortgage market, with just 25 percent remaining on lender portfolios. Non agency investors came in first at a 29 percent share. Fannie Mae had the largest share of the government agencies, at 21 percent.
More than eight in every ten dollars granted went to conforming mortgages, with 17 percent in the jumbo mortgage range. First liens averaged $191,000, while subordinate liens averaged $37,000. Just about all of the financing was for first liens, with subordinate liens coming in at less than one percent. That tracked nicely with the property type category, where more than 99 percent of mortgage money went to single-family properties.
(Mark Fogarty is a journalist and analyst who has been covering the mortgage industry for more than 30 years.)